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高一英语必修一知识点汇总笔记

时间:2019-06-12 18:01:28本文内容及图片来源于读者投稿,如有侵权请联系[email protected] 斯祺 我要投稿

  高一的英语知识点是高中学习的基础,这一阶段如果基础不结实,可能会导致各位同学在后面的学习中比较困难,难以进步,为了帮各位同学打好基础,下面是学习啦的小编为你们整理的文章,希望你们能够?#19981;丁?br />
 高一英语必修一知识点汇总

  1.be good to对……友好be good for对……有益;be bad to…/be bad for…

  2.add up加起来 增加

  add up to合计,总计

  add…to把……加到……

  3.not…until/till意思是“直到…才”

  4.get sth/sb done使……完成/使某人被……

  5.calm down平静下来

  6.be concerned about关心,关注

  7.当while,when,before,after 等引导的时间状语从句中的主语与主句的主语一致时,可将从句中的主语和be动词省去。

  While walking the dog,you were careless and it got loose.

  8.cheat in the exam考试作弊

  9.go through经历;度过;获准,通过

  10.hide away躲藏;隐藏

  11.set down写下,记下

  12.I wonder if…我不知道是不是…

  12.on purpose故意

  13.sth happen to sb某人发生某事

  sb happen to do sth某人碰巧做某事

  it so happened that……正巧 碰巧

  14.It is the first(second…)that…(从句谓语动词用现在完成时)

  15.in one’s power处于……的控制之中

  16.It’s no pleasure doing…做…没?#27427;?#36259;

  It’s no good/use doing sth.做某事是没好处/没用的

  17.She found it difficult to settle and calm down in the hiding place.it做形式宾语

  18.suffer from患…病;遭受

  19.so…that…/such…thay…

  20.get tired of…对…感到劳累 疲惫

  21.have some trouble with sb/sth.在……上遇到了麻烦

  22.get along with sb/sth.与某人相处

  23.ask(sb)for advice.(向某人)征求建议

  24.make后接复合宾语,宾语补足语须用不带to的不定式、形容词、过去分词、名?#23454;取?#24120;见的有以下几?#20013;?#24335;:

  make sb.do sth.让(使)某人做某事

  make sb./sth.+adj.使某人/物…

  make sb./oneself+v-ed 让某人/自己被…

  When you speak,you should make yourself understood.

  make sb.+n.使某人成为…

  25.alone /lonely.单独的/孤独的

  26.I would be grateful if…委婉?#25512;?#25552;出请求

  27.Why not do…=why don’t you do…

  2高一英语必修一知识点总结:Unit2

  1.because of因为……(注意和because 的区别)

  2.even if(=even thoug)?#35789;梗美?#24341;导让?#38454;?#35821;从句

  3.come up走上前来,走近,发生,出现 come up with 追?#24076;?#36214;?#24076;?#25552;出

  4.communicate with sb和某人交流

  5.be different from…与……不同

  be different in…在……方面不同

  Most of my projects are different in performance.我多数作品的演奏风格都不同。

  6.be based on以……为基础

  7.at present目前,眼下for the present眼前;暂时

  8.make(good/better/full)use of

  9.the latter后者 the former前者

  10.a large number of大量的 the number of…的数量

  11.such as例如

  12.hold on坚持住,握住不放;(打电话时)等—会

  13.…you will hear the difference in the way(that/in which)people speak.

  你会听出人们在说话时的差异。

  14.play a role/part(in)在…中担?#35859;巧?在…中起作用;扮演一个?#24039;?/p>

  15.the same…as…与……一样

  16.at the top of…在…顶上

  at the bottom of在……底部

  17.bring up教养,养育;提出

  18.request sb(not)to do sth.要求某人做/不要做某事

  19.be satisfied with…对……感到满意,满足于

  20.suggest v.(request,insist…)

  I suggested you do what he says.我建议你按照他说的去做。

  I suggest you not go tomorrow.我想你明天还是不要去了。

  His pale face suggested that he was in bad health.他苍白的?#25104;?#26263;示了他身体不好。

  注意:insist 意思为“坚持要求”时后面的that从句用虚拟语气;如果insist 意为“强调,坚持认为”的时候,从句可以用任何所需要的时态。例如:She insisted that she didn’t tell a lie.她坚持认为她没撒谎。

  21.according to…按照…根据…

  3高一英语必修一知识点总结:Unit3

  1.prefer

  Prefer doing…to doing…

  Prefer to do rather than do

  2.advantages/disadvantages优势/劣势

  2.Ever since middle school,my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.从高中起,我姐姐王维和我就一直梦想做一次伟大的自行车旅?#23567;?/p>

  连词since引导的时间状语从句用一般过去时,介词since与时间点连用

  It is/has been+一段时间+since+一般过去时?#28304;?hellip;…至今已经多久了。

  3.persuade sb to do sth=persuade sb into doing sth说服某人做某事

  4.强调句型It is/was+被强调部分+that/who

  强调句型可以强调除谓语动词以外的任何句子成份。一般来说,如果被强调部分是人时,用连词that或who;如果被强调部分是物,只能用连词that。

  not…until的强调句

  5.be fond of?#19981;叮?#21916;爱

  6.Although尽管,虽然,引导让?#38454;?#35821;从句

  ① although 从句多在句首,though 从句可在主句前、中、后任何位置,而且though 可以作副词用于句末,作“但是,不过”讲,而although 无此用法。

  ② as though(仿佛,好像),even though(?#35789;梗?#23613;管)中不能用although。

  ③ though 引导的让?#38454;?#35821;从句可以倒装(将表语、状语、情态动词后的动?#35797;?#24418;前置到句首,此用法同as),而 although 不可以。

  7.insist on doing sth/sth.一定要、坚持主张

  She insists on getting up early and playing her radio loudly.

  她老是一大早起来把收音机音量开大

  11.care about关心 在乎

  care for?#19981;叮?#29031;?#24076;展?/p>

  12.change one’s mind改变主意

  13.experience经历/经验

  14.Once可作为从属连词,作“一(旦)……就……”解,连接一个表示时间的状语从句。从句中常用一般现在时\现在完成时表将?#30784;?/p>

  Once you have begun you must continue.

  15.give in让步 give up 放弃

  16.instead of代替,而不是

  17.make up one’s mind to do下定决心做某事

  18.a large parcel of一大包

  19.as usual像往常一样

  20.put up our tent搭帐篷

  21.stay awake睡不着,醒着stay up熬夜

  22.for company做伴

  23.lie beneath the stars躺在?#24378;?#19979;

  24.can hardly wait to do=can’t wait to do迫不及待做某事

  25.go in the right direction走正确的?#36739;?/p>

  26.at a very slow pace.以很慢的速度

  27.be similar to类似于

  28.afford to do sth付得起,能承担

  29.be tired from因……而疲劳be tired of对……厌倦

  30.be in high spirits喜气洋洋,兴高采烈

  31.come true实现,成真

  32.give sb some advice on doing...

  33.a guide to………的指南

  34.on a tour在游览中,在巡演中

  35.in detail详细地

  4高一英语必修一知识点总结:Unit4

  1.right away毫不迟疑,立刻

  2.It seemed as if the world was at an end.世界似乎到了末日。

  从句表示“(在某人)看来好像;似乎”

  ① It seems/looks/appears as if/though…看起来好像…

  ② Sb./Sth.looks as if/though…

  ③ There seems/appears(to be)…

  There appears to have been a mistake.

  2.in ruins.变为废墟

  3.Two-thirds

  4.Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.

  5.under the weight of在……重压下,迫于

  6.in the open air在户外,在野外,露天

  7.take turns to do sth?#26469;危?#36718;流做某事

  in turn?#26469;?#22320;,轮流地

  8.be shocked at对……感到震惊

  9.be proud of以……为自豪

  10.express one’s thanks to sb/for sth…对/因……表示感谢

  11.without warning毫无预兆

  12.next to紧接着,相邻,次于

  13.get away from…避免,摆脱,离开

  14.disaster-hit areas灾区

  15.Listening to English is a very important skill because it is only when we understand what is said to us that we can have a conversation with somebody.

  听英语是一项很重要的技能,因为只有当我们懂得别人给我们说什么我们才能与他交谈。

  16.It is believed that人们认为…

  17.hold up举起;托住;支撑列举,推举

  18.make up弥补,虚构,整理,和解,化妆,?#21019;?/p>

  19.be trapped in被困于…

  20.It is said that…据说...

  21.be fixed to…被固定到……

  22.be tied to…被绑在……

  5高一英语必修一知识点总结:Unit5

  1.devotes…to doing奉于

  2.fight against对抗,反对,与……作斗争

  3.selflessly无私地

  4.be free from免于,不受

  5.be in prison入狱,在狱中服刑

  6.the first man to do第一个…的人

  7.The time when I first met him was a very difficult period of my life.

  第一次见到他的时候是在我一生中非常艰难的时期。

  8.He was generous with his time,for which I was grateful.

  他十分慷慨地给予我时间,我为此非常感激。

  9.become out of work.失业

  10.hope that…/to do

  11.as soon as I could尽快,马上

  12.We were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important,or fight the government.

  我们被置于这样一个?#36710;兀?#35201;么我们被迫接受低人一等的现实,要么跟政府作斗争。

  13.Only 位于句首,修饰状语从句时,主句采用部分倒装的语序。

  Only in this way can you come up with a solution to the problem.

  只有这样,你才能想出解决这个问题的办法。

  14.as a matter of fact事实上

  15.blow up爆炸,打气

  16.be equal to和…平等

  17.in trouble处于困境 遇到麻烦

  18.be willing to do sth.愿意,乐于

  19.turn to变成;求助于,借助于,翻到,转向

  turn to sb forhelp 向某人求助

  20.lose heart灰心;泄气,丧失勇气,失去信心

  21.escape from逃脱,逃离,从……逃出

  22.should have done本应做而未做

  needn’t have done本不需要做而做了

  can’t have done过去不可能做过(对过去的否定推测)

  must have done对过去的肯定推测

  23.pass the exam.通过考试

  24.be better educated受到良好教育

  25.come to power?#20945;?/p>

  26.be proud to do sth.be proud of sth为…而自豪

  27.set up创立,建立,架起,建造

  The company was set up ten years ago.公司是十年前建立的。

  28.be sentenced to…被?#20889;?hellip;…

  29.Do you have any thoughts on that你认为那怎么样?

  30.to my understanding按我的理解to my opinion

  31.be accepted by…被……录取、接受

  32.die from死于…(事?#23454;?#22806;部原因)die of死于…(疾病等自身原因)

  33.under way正在进行

  34.point of view观点

  35.compete with…与……竞争

  36.advise v.

  advise+n./pron.advise+ doing advise sb.to do sth.

  advise+that从句(从句的谓语用“should+v原”,should常省略)

  注:与advise用法类似的动词如forbid,allow,permit,admit,consider等直接接动词作宾语时要用动名词,但接宾?#25925;?#21518;跟不定式。


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